SCS/SB 54 - This act modifies current law regarding literacy and reading education, including provisions related to reading success plans, formerly known as reading intervention plans.
Under this act, the State Board of Education shall require literacy and reading coursework for teacher education programs aligned to certification for teachers in early childhood, elementary, language arts, English, special reading, and special education. Such coursework shall include the core components of reading, oral and written language development, identification of reading deficiencies and language difficulties, the administration of assessments, and the application of assessment data to the classroom. (Section 161.097)
The State Board of Education, in collaboration with the Coordinating Board for Higher Education and the Literacy Advisory Council established under this act, shall develop a plan to establish a comprehensive system of services for reading instruction.
Each local school district and charter school shall have on file a policy for reading success plans for any pupils of the district in grades kindergarten through four, rather than through grade three. Each policy shall be aligned with the guidelines developed by the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education for reading success plans. Authority to develop guidelines to assist school districts and charter schools in formulating policies for reading success plans is transferred from the State Board of Education to the Department. Any guidelines for instruction shall meet the needs of the student by ensuring that instruction is explicit and systematic and diagnostic, and based on certain elements set forth in the act. Each school shall provide supplemental reading instruction under a reading success plan to any student who exhibits a reading deficiency. (Section 167.268)
Each school district and charter school shall provide training on the administration of reading assessments to all K-5 teachers and any other personnel who provide literacy instruction.
Under current law, each school district and charter school shall administer a reading assessment to each student within 45 days of the end of the third-grade year, unless a student has been determined in the current school year to be reading at grade level or above. Under this act, each school district and charter school shall administer a reading assessment or set of assessments to each student within the first 30 days of school for grades one through four, and by January 31 for kindergarten, unless a student has been determined in the previous school year to be reading at grade level or above. School districts and charter schools shall provide reading success plans to students with an individualized education plan (IEP) that have a reading deficiency, and to students receiving services under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 whose services plan includes an element addressing reading.
This act repeals the requirement that school districts and charter schools design a reading success plan for the student's fourth-grade year if the student's third-grade reading assessment determines the student is reading below second-grade level. The provision is replaced with a requirement that school districts and charter schools offer a reading success plan to each K-4 student who exhibits a reading deficiency that has been identified as being at risk for dyslexia in the statewide dyslexia screening requirement, or has a formal diagnosis of dyslexia. The reading success plan shall be provided in addition to the core reading instruction provided to all students, and shall meet criteria set forth in the act.
If a student who is provided a reading success plan is determined to not be reading at or above grade level by the end of 2nd grade, the student shall receive structured literacy instruction as well as additional support and services. For students in grades 6-12, schools shall continue to address the reading deficiencies of any student for whom the deficiency creates a barrier to success in school.
A reading success plan shall be created no later than 45 days after the identification of a reading deficiency. Such plan shall be created by the teacher and other pertinent school personnel, along with the parent or legal guardian, and shall describe the evidence-based reading improvement services the student shall receive. The reading success plan shall specify if a student was found to be at risk for dyslexia in the statewide dyslexia screening requirement or if the student has a formal diagnosis of dyslexia.
Under current law, each student for whom a reading success plan has been designed shall be given another reading assessment to be administered within 45 days of the end of the student's fourth-grade year. If such student is determined to be reading below third-grade level, the student shall be required to attend summer school. This act repeals such requirement, and instead requires such student to be referred for an evaluation for an IEP plan and the district shall provide appropriate intensive structured literacy instruction on an individualized basis. If the student does not qualify for an IEP, the student shall continue to receive appropriate, intensive structured literacy instruction on an individualized basis until the student is reading at grade level.
Each school district and charter school is required to offer summer school reading instruction to any student with a reading success plan. Districts may fulfill the requirement through cooperative arrangements with neighboring districts.
The parent or legal guardian of any K-5 student who exhibits a deficiency in reading shall be notified as set forth in the act.
These provisions shall become effective on July 1, 2022.
(Section 167.645, Section B)
This act establishes the Literacy Advisory Council within the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education. The council shall include 15-20 members appointed by the Commissioner of Education. Members shall include stakeholders and specialists specified in the act. The advisory council shall meet biannually to review best practices in literacy instruction and related policies, and shall make recommendations to the Commissioner and the State Board of Education.
The Department, in conjunction with the Advisory Council, shall identify and create a list of approved materials, resources, and curriculum programs for public school districts and charter schools. A school district or charter school shall use only materials, resources, or curriculum programs from such list. (Section 186.080)
This act is substantially similar to provisions in SS/SCS/SBs 55, 23, & 25 (2021), and is similar to SB 304 (2021), SB 966 (2020), SCS/SB 349 (2019), HCS/SS/SB 218 (2019), SB 73 (2019), HCS/HB 464 (2019), HCS/SCS/SB 949 (2018), HB 1417 (2018).