|SB 0422||Revises state school aid formula, reduces minimum levy to $1.25, increases income tax and sales tax|
|LR Number:||S1465.01I||Fiscal Note:||1465-01|
|Last Action:||02/24/99 - Hearing Conducted S Education Committee||Journal page:|
|Effective Date:||Referendum Clause|
SB 422 - This act revises the state school aid formula and several related provisions, including state sales and income taxes.
STATE AID FORMULA - The levy-driven state school aid entitlement is revised by raising the guaranteed tax base per eligible pupil (GTB) from $122,000 (for the next school year) to about $340,000 per eligible pupil. No additional state aid is provided for levying a rate above the $1.25 minimum levy (per $100 assessed value), though a district may levy a higher tax rate and generate additional local revenue.
From this entitlement, all other forms of local wealth, including merchants and manufacturers replacement tax (M & M) revenues, are deducted. No income factor is included on deduction of local school tax revenues. Tax receipts from previous years shall be deducted at 100% rather than the current 90%. Proposition C sales tax revenues are distributed as state aid through the formula, not on a per pupil basis and are no longer a state aid deduct.
To the net entitlement, categorical funding is added on: transportation; special education; gifted education; career ladder; vocational education; and education and screening (Parents as Teachers). The line 14 categorical shall be weighted at 25%.
The state aid hold harmless is removed. Fund placement requirements are removed.
PUPIL COUNT - Double counting of summer school attendance is removed from definition of "Eligible pupils". Districts may use any of the following measures to determine EP count: current year estimate; preceding year; or average of three preceding years.
SETTING OF SCHOOL TAX RATES - Districts shall roll operating levies back by $1.50, except that they shall not be required to roll back below $1.25. A school district seeking voter approval for a higher levy shall hold a prior public hearing.
SALES AND INCOME TAXES - The act increases the state sales tax by one percent and increases corporate income tax to 6.75% and personal income tax to 6.5% for income above $10,000.
PROPOSITION C - The one cent Proposition C sales tax revenues are redirected through the basic state school aid formula payment rather than as a per pupil grant and the Proposition C tax rate roll back is eliminated.
FINES AND FORFEITURES - Fines and forfeitures shall be placed to the credit of the state school moneys fund and distributed statewide.
LAPSING OF DISTRICTS - The State Board of Education may not lapse a district for failure to be accredited.
MINIMUM SALARIES FOR TEACHERS - Minimum salaries for teachers would be set as follows: 1) Base of $20,000; 2) $28,000 for 10 years teaching experience and a Master's Degree; or 3) $31,000 for 20 years teaching experience and Master's Degree or continuous professional certificate.
This act is similar to SB 965 from 1998.
The act has a referendum clause.