SB 66
Modifies provisions relating to public safety and unlawful assemblies
Sponsor:
LR Number:
0213S.02I
Last Action:
2/1/2021 - SCS Voted Do Pass S Judiciary and Civil and Criminal Jurisprudence Committee (0213S.05C)
Journal Page:
Title:
Calendar Position:
Effective Date:
August 28, 2021

Current Bill Summary

SCS/SB 66 - This act modifies provisions relating to public safety.

LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT BUDGETS (Section 67.030)

Under current law, the governing body of each political subdivision may revise, alter, increase, or decrease items in a proposed budget. This act provides that the chief law enforcement officer of a political subdivision may initiate an action for injunctive relief, which the court shall grant, if the governing body of such political subdivision decreases the budget for its law enforcement agency by an amount exceeding more than 12% relative to the proposed budgets of other departments of the political subdivision over a five year aggregate amount.

OFFENSES INELIGIBLE FOR PROBATION (Section 557.045)

This act adds to the offenses ineligible for probation any dangerous felony where the victim is a law enforcement officer, firefighter, or an emergency service provider while in the performance of his or her duties.

UNLAWFUL TRAFFIC INTERFERENCE (Section 574.045)

This act creates the offense of unlawful traffic interference if, with the intention to impede vehicular traffic, the person walks, stands, sits, kneels, lays, or places an object in a manner that blocks passage by a vehicle on any public street, highway, or interstate highway. This offense is a Class A misdemeanor.

Additionally, this offense is a Class E felony if a person blocks a public street, highway, or interstate highway as part of an unlawful assembly.

These provisions are similar to HB 288 (2019).

RIOTING (Section 574.050)

Under current law, a person commits the offense of rioting if he or she knowingly assembles with six or more people to violate any state or federal laws. Such offense is a Class A misdemeanor.

This act provides that a person convicted of rioting who also damages property in excess of $750 while participating in such unlawful assembly shall be guilty of a Class E felony.

VANDALISM (Section 574.085)

Under current law, a person commits the offense of institutional vandalism if he or she knowingly vandalizes certain structures. This act provides that a person shall be guilty of a Class E felony if he or she knowing vandalizes any public monument or structure on public property.

LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER DISCIPLINARY ACTIONS (Section 590.502)

This act provides that when a law enforcement officer is under investigation which could lead to disciplinary action, demotion, dismissal, transfer, or placement that could lead to economic loss, the investigation shall include the following conditions:

• The law enforcement officer shall be informed in writing of the existence and nature of the alleged violation and who will be conducting the investigation;

• Any complaint filed shall be supported by an affidavit and if information in the affidavit is false then it shall be presented to a prosecuting or circuit attorney;

• Any investigation shall be conducted for a reasonable length of time and only while the officer is on duty unless any exigent circumstances prevent such questioning while on duty;

• Any investigation shall be conducted at a secure location at the agency that is conducting the investigation or the office of the officer unless the officer consents to another location;

• The law enforcement officer shall be questioned by a single investigator and shall be informed of the name and rank of the questioning officer;

• Law enforcement officers shall not be threatened, harassed, or promised rewards for answering questions, except that a law enforcement officer may be compelled to give protected statements to an investigator under direct control of the agency;

• Law enforcement officers are entitled to have an attorney or duly authorized representative present during questioning and

prior to the questioning the officer and his or her representative shall have the opportunity to review any audio or video in the possession of the agency;

• A complete record of the investigation shall be kept by the agency and a copy shall be provided to the officer upon request;

• The agency conducting the investigation shall have 90 days to complete such investigation and may extend the investigation under certain circumstances;

• The officer shall be informed in writing within 5 days of the conclusion of the investigative findings and any recommendations for further action; and

• A complete record of the administrative investigation shall be kept by the law enforcement agency and all records shall be confidential.

Any law enforcement officer suspended without pay shall be entitled to a full due process hearing as provided in the act. If the law enforcement officer is entitled to a hearing, a hearing shall be scheduled no more than 120 days following the notification of discipline, unless waived by the charged law enforcement officer. Any decision following the hearing shall be in writing and shall include findings of fact.

This act provides that law enforcement officers shall have the opportunity to provide a written responses to any adverse materials in their personnel file. Law enforcement officers shall not receive separate punishments for the same alleged act by multiple administrative bodies.

Employers shall defend and indemnify law enforcement officers against civil claims made against an officer while the officer was acting within his or her duties as a law enforcement officer. If any criminal convictions arise out of the same conduct, the employer is no longer obligated to defend the officer in the civil claim. Law enforcement officers shall not be disciplined or dismissed as a result of the assertion of their constitutional rights in any judicial proceeding.

This act provides that a law enforcement officer may bring an action for enforcement of these provisions in the circuit court for the county in which the law enforcement agency or governmental body has its principal place of business. If the court finds that the law enforcement agency or governmental body violated the provisions of this act, the court may impose a civil penalty in the amount up to $5,000 for each violation. Upon a find by a preponderance of the evidence that a law enforcement agency or governmental body has purposely violated this act, the court may impose a civil penalty in the amount of up to $10,000.

These provisions are identical to SB 26 (2021) and similar to SB 1053 (2020) and HB 1889 (2020).

MARY GRACE BRUNTRAGER

Amendments

No Amendments Found.