SB 587 - This act modifies provisions regarding elementary and secondary education.
DEFINITIONS (Section 160.011): The definition of "graduation rate" is modified to be the rate as defined by the Missouri School Improvement System and "school term" is modified to specify that 1,044 hours of actual pupil attendance is required.
These provisions are similar to provisions contained in SB 58 (2017), HCS/HB 118 (2017), and HCS/HB 677 (2017).
STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION INTERVENTION POWERS (Section 162.081): This act allows the State Board of Education to lapse the corporate organization of all or part of an unaccredited school district. If the State Board appoints a special administrative board for the operation of a part of an unaccredited school district, it shall determine an equitable apportionment of state and federal aid for the part of the district. In addition, the school district shall provide local revenue in proportion to the weighted average daily attendance of the part governed by the special administrative board.
The State Board may appoint members of the elected board to a special administrative board, but members of the elected board shall not comprise more than 49% of the special administrative board.
When the State Board determines another form of governance for an unaccredited district, that other form of governance shall be subject to the following provisions of law: it will retain the authority granted to a board of education; it will expire at the end of the third year of its appointment unless reauthorized; it will not be deemed to be the state or a state agency; and it will not be considered a successor entity for purposes of employment contracts, unemployment compensation, or any other purpose.
If the State Board reasonably believes that a school district is unlikely to provide for the minimum number of school hours required in a school term due to financial difficulty, the State Board may, prior to the start of the school term, allow continued governance by the existing district school board under terms and conditions established by the State Board. As an alternative, the State Board may lapse the corporate organization of the district and implement one of the options available to the State Board to intervene in an unaccredited district. However, this provision shall not apply to any district solely on the basis of financial difficulty resulting from paying tuition and providing transportation for transfer students.
These provisions are similar to SB 23 (2017), SB 58 (2017), SS#2/SCS/SB 313 (2017), and HCS/HB 118 (2017).
PARENT NOTIFICATION OF UNACCREDITED STATUS (Section 162.1310): When the State Board of Education classifies any district as unaccredited, or when an attendance center receives two or more consecutive annual performance (APR) scores consistent with a classification of unaccredited, the district shall notify the parent or guardian of students enrolled in the district or attendance center of the loss of accreditation within 14 business days. The notice shall also include an explanation of which students may be able to transfer, the transfer process, and any services the student may be entitled to receive. The notice shall be posted in a conspicuous and accessible place in each district attendance center and shall be sent to each municipality located in the boundaries of the school district.
These provisions are similar to SB 23 (2017), SB 58 (2017), HCS/HB 118 (2017), and SS#2/SCS/SB 313 (2017).
EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION (Section 163.018): This act allows children who attend early childhood education programs that are under contract with school districts or charter schools that have declared themselves as a local education agency to be included in the average daily attendance of the school district or charter school.
This provision is identical to HCS/HB 118 (2017), SB 378 (2017) and HB 457 (2017).
MINIMUM NUMBER OF SCHOOL DAYS (163.021, 163.073, 171.031): Currently, in order to receive state aid, public schools are required to be in session for a minimum of 174 days and 1,044 hours. Beginning in the 2018-2019 school year, this act changes the requirement to a minimum of 1,044 hours of actual pupil attendance except for kindergarten pupils who shall be provided a minimum of 522 hours of actual pupil attendance.
Beginning in the 2018-2019 school year, when determining the amount of state aid allocated to the Division of Youth Services in the Department of Social Services for educational services to elementary and secondary students who have been assigned to the Division by the courts and who have been determined as inappropriate for local public school attendance, the number of full-time equivalent students shall be determined by dividing 1,044 hours by the number of student hours. A student hour shall mean one hour of education services provided for one student.
Beginning in the 2018-2019 school year, each school calendar shall include 36 make-up hours for possible loss of attendance due to inclement weather. A school district may be exempt from the requirement to make up school days due to inclement weather when the district has made up the required 36 hours and half the number of additional lost or canceled hours up to 48, resulting in no more than 60 total make-up hours. The Commissioner of Education may provide, upon request, a waiver for any school district to be excused from the 1,044 hours of actual pupil attendance requirement.
Currently, a school with a five-day school week may not exceed a seven hour school day or eight hour school day for specified districts. This act repeals this provision.
Effective July 1, 2019, certain provisions relating to a school district establishing a four-day school week are repealed. (Section 171.029)
These provisions are similar to HCS/HB 118 (2017) and HCS/HB 677 (2017).
TRANSPORTATION OF PUPILS TO ANOTHER DISTRICTS (Section 167.241): The board of education of a school district that does not maintain an accredited high school shall provide transportation for a pupil who has completed the highest grade offered in the district and is attending an accredited public high school or a school that has been designed by the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) in another school district in the same or an adjoining county.
Students who transfer to another school within their district of residence or another school district due to their current school being classified as unaccredited shall have their transportation provided by their district of residence, if they are attending a charter school or a receiving school district designated by DESE.
COUNSELING PROGRAM (Section 167.266): This act allows the board of education of any school district or a charter school that is a local educational agency to establish an academic and career counseling program. Parents and the local community shall cooperate in determining if the program is in the best interest of and meets the needs of students in the community. In addition, DESE shall develop a process for recognition of the district's program.
These provisions are identical to HCS/HB 118 (2017) and HB 187 (2017).
STUDENT TRANSFERS (Sections 167.131, 167.132, & 167.826): Currently, the school board of a school district that does not maintain an accredited school is required to pay the tuition of and provide transportation for resident pupils who attend an accredited school in another district of the same or an adjoining county. This act repeals provisions applicable to unaccredited school districts so that it only applies to K-8 school districts.
Any student may transfer to another public school in the student's district of residence if such student is enrolled and has attended, for the full semester immediately prior to requesting the transfer, an attendance center, as defined in the act, that is located within an unaccredited district and that has an annual performance report score consistent with a classification of unaccredited. However, such transfers shall not be allowed if the transfers result in a class size or assigned enrollment in a receiving school that exceeds the standards promulgated in the Missouri School Improvement Program resource standards. Any student wishing to transfer to a magnet school, an academically selective school, or a school with a competitive entrance process shall meet those admissions requirements in order to attend.
The school board of each unaccredited district shall determine the capacity at each of the district's attendance centers that have an APR score consistent with the classification of accredited. The district's school board is responsible for coordinating transfers within the district.
The school board of each unaccredited district shall annually make a report to DESE or its designee with the following information: the number of available slots in attendance centers that have APR scores consistent with the classification of accredited, the number of students who request to transfer within the district, and the number of such transfers that are granted.
Any student who is eligible to transfer within his or her district but who is unable to do so due to a lack of capacity in the attendance centers in his or her district of residence may apply to DESE or its designee to transfer to:
1) An attendance center that is located within an accredited district that is located in the same or an adjoining county and that has an APR score consistent with a classification of accredited; or
2) An approved charter school located in another district in the same or an adjoining county.
A student who is eligible to begin kindergarten or first grade at an attendance center located within an unaccredited district that has an APR score consistent with the classification of unaccredited and that offers classes above the second grade level may apply to DESE for a transfer to one of the two schools described immediately above. Such student is required to reside in the attendance area of the unaccredited school on March 1 preceding the school year of first attendance. A student who does not apply by March 1 is required to enroll and attend for one semester to become eligible.
Any student who does not maintain residency in the attendance area of his or her attendance center in the district of residence loses the eligibility to transfer. With exception as set forth in the act, a student who transfers but later withdraws shall also lose eligibility to transfer. No student enrolled in and attending an attendance center that does not offer classes above the second grade is eligible to transfer under these provisions.
An unaccredited district, provisionally accredited district, unaccredited attendance center, or provisionally accredited attendance center is not eligible to receive transfer students, except that, within an unaccredited district, students may transfer from unaccredited attendance centers to accredited attendance centers, and a transfer student who chooses to attend a provisionally accredited attendance center in the district of residence shall be allowed to transfer to the school if there is an available slot.
If a receiving district becomes unaccredited or provisionally accredited, or if an approved charter school loses such status, any students who previously transferred to the district or charter school shall have the opportunity to remain enrolled or to transfer to another district or approved charter school without losing their eligibility to transfer.
No attendance center that has received two consecutive APR scores consistent with a classification of provisionally accredited for the years immediately preceding the year in which it seeks to enroll transfer students may receive transfer students, regardless of its State Board classification designation, except that any student who was granted a transfer to the attendance center prior to the effective date of the act may remain enrolled in that attendance center.
Districts and charter schools that receive student transfers are not required to: exceed to class size and assignment enrollment standards of its approved policy on class size; hire additional classroom teachers; or construct additional classrooms unless the school board of the receiving district or the receiving approved charter school's governing board has approved the action.
By July 15, 2018, the board of education of each available receiving district and the governing board of each approved charter school shall set the number of transfer students they are able to receive for the 2018-19 school year. The board shall then set such numbers annually by February 1. They shall also publish such numbers and shall not be required to accept any transfer students that would cause it to exceed such number.
Available receiving districts and approved charter schools shall adopt a policy establishing a tuition rate annually for transfer students by February 1.
If an unaccredited school becomes provisionally accredited or accredited without provisions, any resident student who transferred under one of the transfer options shall be permitted to continue his or her educational program in that education option through the completion of middle school, junior high, or high school as specified in the act.
When costs associated with the provision of special education and related services to a student with a disability exceed the tuition amount, the transfer student's district of residence shall remain responsible for paying the excess cost to the receiving district or charter school. When the receiving district is a component district of a special school district, the transfer student's district of residence shall contract with the special school district for the entirety of the costs to provide special education and related services, excluding transportation. The special school district may contract with a district operating an unaccredited school for the provision of transportation of a student with a disability. A special school district shall continue to provide special education and related services, with the exception of transportation, to a student with a disability transferring from an unaccredited school within a component district to an accredited school within the same or a different component district within the special school district.
When the St. Louis City School District operates an unaccredited school, it shall remain responsible for the provision of special education and related services, including transportation, to students with disabilities. A special school district in an adjoining county may contract with the St. Louis City School District for the reimbursement of special education services provided by the special school district for transfer students who are residents of the unaccredited district.
Regardless of whether transportation is identified as a related service within a student's individualized education program, a receiving district that is not part of a special school district shall not be responsible for providing transportation to a student transferring under these provisions. A district operating an unaccredited school may contract with a receiving district that is not part of a special school district for transportation of students with disabilities. When a district other than St. Louis City operates an unaccredited school, it may contract with a receiving district that is not part of a special school district in the same or an adjoining county for the reimbursement of special education and related services provided by the receiving district for transfer students who are residents of the district operating an unaccredited school.
These provisions are similar to provisions contained in SB 23 (2017), SB 58 (2017), HCS/HB 118 (2017), and SS#2/SCS/SB 313 (2017).
ELIGIBLE DISTRICTS (Section 167.827): By July 15, 2018, and by January 1 annually, each district eligible to receive transfer students shall report to DESE the number of its available enrollment slots in accredited schools by grade level. Each unaccredited district shall report the number of available enrollment slots in the district's accredited attendance centers. Each approved charter school eligible to receive transfer students shall report the number of available enrollment slots by the same dates. DESE shall make information and assistance available to parents or guardians who intend to transfer their child using one of the transfer options. The parent or guardian who intends to transfer his or her child shall send initial notification to DESE by March 1 for enrollment in the subsequent school year. DESE shall assign transfer students as space allows.
When assigning students to approved charter schools, the education authority shall coordinate with each approved charter school and its admissions process if capacity is insufficient to enroll all students who submit a timely application. An approved charter school shall not be required to receive any transfer student that would require it to institute a lottery procedure for determining the admission of resident students. The education authority shall give first priority to students who live in the same household with family members within the first or second degree of consanguinity or affinity who have already transferred and who apply to transfer to the same accredited school. If insufficient grade-appropriate enrollment slots are available for a student to transfer, that student shall receive first priority the following school year.
The authority shall consider the following factors in assigning schools: the student's or parent's choice of the receiving school, which shall be the most important factor; the best interests of the student; availability of transportation funding; and distance and travel time. The authority shall not consider student academic performance; free and reduced price lunch status; or athletic ability in assigning a student to a school.
An education authority may deny a transfer to a student, who in the most recent school year, has been suspended from school two or more times or has been suspended for an act of school violence, as specified in the act. A student who is denied a transfer for this reason has the right to an in-person meeting with a representative of the authority. DESE shall develop administrative guidelines to provide common standards for determining disruptive behavior that shall include criteria under the Safe Schools Act.
These provisions are identical to HCS/HB 118 (2017) and similar to provisions contained in SB 23 (2017), SB 58 (2017), and SS#2/SCS/SB 313 (2017).
TRANSFER AND TRANSIENT STUDENT DATA (Section 167.890): The Department of Elementary and Secondary Education shall compile and maintain student performance data scores of all transient and transfer students enrolled in districts other than their resident districts and make the data available on the Missouri Comprehensive Data System. Personally identifiable information shall not be accessible on the database.
These provisions are identical to HCS/HB 118 (2017) and substantially similar to provisions contained in SB 23 (2017), SB 58 (2017), and SS#2/SCS/SB 313 (2017).
STUDENT TRANSPORTATION (Sections 168.133 and 304.060): The act allows any school board to contract with a municipality for the purpose of transporting school children.
These provisions are identical to HCS/HB 118 (2017), HB 888 (2017) and substantially similar to SB 369 (2017).
This act contains an emergency clause.
This act is similar to SB 559 (2018).