SS/SCS/SB 613 - This act modifies provisions relating to firearms.
SECOND AMENDMENT PRESERVATION ACT - Section 1.320
This act lists various declarations of the Missouri General Assembly regarding the United States Constitution and the scope of the federal government's authority. In addition, the act declares that federal supremacy does not apply to federal laws that restrict or prohibit the manufacture, ownership, and use of firearms, firearm accessories, or ammunition within the state because such laws exceed the scope of the federal government's authority. Laws necessary for the regulation of the land and the United States Armed Forces are excluded from the types of federal firearms laws that exceed federal authority. This act also declares that the General Assembly strongly promotes responsible gun ownership and condemns unlawful transfers of firearms and the use of a firearm in criminal or unlawful activity.
This act declares as invalid all federal laws that infringe on the right to bear arms under the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and Article I, Section 23 of the Missouri Constitution. Some laws declared invalid under this act include certain taxes, certain registration and tracking laws, certain prohibitions on the possession, ownership, use, or transfer of a specific type of firearm, and confiscation orders.
The act declares that it is the duty of the courts and law enforcement agencies to protect the rights of law-abiding citizens to keep and bear arms.
Under this act, no public officer or state employee has the authority to enforce firearms laws declared invalid by the act.
Any person who acts under the color of law to deprive a Missouri citizen of rights or privileges ensured by the federal and state constitutions shall be liable for redress. In such an action attorney's fees and costs may be awarded, and official or qualified immunity shall not be available to the defendant as a defense.
It is a Class A misdemeanor under this act for a federal employee to enforce or attempt to enforce firearms laws declared invalid by the act. State law enforcement officers are provided the power to interpose on behalf of law-abiding citizens.
The provisions of the section shall become effective either by August 28, 2017, or upon the Revisor of Statutes receiving notification that at least four other states have enacted substantially similar language or upon passage of any federal acts or issuance of federal orders which infringe upon or curtail the right to keep and bear arms, whichever event occurs earlier.
These provisions are similar to provisions of CCS/SS/SCS/HCS/HB 1439 (2014), SB 778 (2014), HB 436 (2013), and SB 352 (2013).
OPEN CARRY ORDINANCES - Section 21.750
This act provides that the open carrying of a firearm may not be prohibited by a political subdivision for any person with a valid concealed carry endorsement or permit in his or her possession who presents such endorsement or permit upon the demand of a law enforcement officer. In addition, no person carrying a concealed or unconcealed handgun may be disarmed or physically restrained by a law enforcement officer unless under arrest or if there is no reasonable and articulable suspicion of criminal activity. Any person who violates these provisions may be issued a citation for up to $35. No ordinance of a political subdivision may be construed to preclude the use of a firearm to defend property or persons.
This provision is identical to a provision of the truly agreed to and finally passed CCS/HCS/SB 656 (2014), CCS2/SS/SCS/HCS/HB 1439 (2014), SS/SCS/HB 1539 (2014), and SB 744 (2014), and is similar to a provision of HB 436 (2013), and SB 352 (2013).
SCHOOL PROTECTION OFFICERS - Sections 160.665, 571.107, 590.010 to 590.207
This act allows a school district to designate one or more school teachers or administrators as a school protection officer. School protection officers are authorized to carry a concealed firearm or self-defense spray device.
This act requires a school board that is seeking to designate a school protection officer to hold a public hearing on the matter. At the hearing, the school board must specify whether the school protection officer will carry a concealed firearm or a self-defense spray device or both. Notice of the hearing must be provided by publication in a newspaper of general circulation in the city or county in which the school district is located at least 15 days before the hearing.
The officer must keep the firearm or device under his or her personal control at all times while on school property. Violation of this provision is a class B misdemeanor and may result in the immediate removal of the officer from the classroom and the commencement of employment termination proceedings.
School protection officers have the same power to detain and arrest as any other person would have under current law regarding defense of persons and property. Upon detention, the protection officer must immediately notify school administrators and school resource officers. If the person detained is a student, then the parents of the student must also be immediately notified.
Those seeking to be designated as school protection officers must make a request in writing to the superintendent of the school district along with proof of ownership of a valid concealed carry endorsement or permit, if the person is seeking to carry a firearm, and a certificate of completion of a school protection officer training program.
The school district must notify the director of the Department of Public Safety of the designation of any school protection officer. The department must make a list of all school protection officers available to all law enforcement agencies.
This act requires the Peace Officer Standards and Training Commission to establish standards and curriculum for training of school protection officers. The director of the Department of Public Safety must develop, and make available to all school districts, a list of approved school protection officer training instructors, centers, and programs.
In order to attend a school protection officer training program, a person must submit to a criminal history background check and, if the person will carry a firearm, prove he or she has a valid concealed carry endorsement or permit.
These provisions are similar to provisions of CCS2/SS/SCS/HCS/HB 1439 (2014), the truly agreed to and finally passed CCS/HCS/SB 656 (2014), and SS/SCS/HB 1539 (2014) and are similar to provisions of SB 603 (2014), SB 744 (2014), HB 1474 (2014), HB 436 (2013), and SB 352 (2013).
HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS AND FIREARMS - Section 571.012
This act specifies that no licensed health care professional or person under the supervision of the professional may not be required by law to ask a patient whether he or she owns or has access to a firearm, document firearm ownership or access in a patient's medical records, or notify any governmental entity of the identity of a patient based solely on the patient's status as a firearm owner or the patient's access to a firearm.
Under this act, licensed health care professionals, their supervisees, and anyone who possesses or controls medical records are prohibited from documenting or disclosing information regarding a person's status as a firearm owner except under certain specified circumstances.
This provision is identical to a provision of the truly agreed to and finally passed CCS/HCS/SB 656 (2014), SS/SCS/HB 1539 (2014), and CCS2/SS/SCS/HCS/HB 1439 (2014).
UNLAWFUL USE OF WEAPONS AND SPECIAL PROSECUTORS - Section 571.030
This act adds people appointed by the court to be special prosecutors to the list of people who may engage in otherwise unlawful uses of weapons.
This provision is identical to a provision of the truly agreed to and finally passed CCS/HCS/SB 656 (2014), the truly agreed to and finally passed SS/SB 745 (2014), SS/SCS/HB 1539 (2014), and CCS2/SS/SCS/HCS/HB 1439 (2014).
CONCEALED CARRY PERMITS - Sections 571.030, 571.101, 571.111, & 571.117
Under current law, a person, who is not a member of the United States Armed Forces or honorably discharged from the armed forces, must be at least 21 years of age in order to qualify for a concealed carry endorsement. This act lowers the age to at least 19 years of age.
This act makes a concealed carry permit expire on the last day of the month rather than the same day the permit was issued or renewed. Concealed carry endorsements also expire on the last day of the month under this act.
This act repeals an obsolete provision of current law that directs concealed carry permit applicants to take the permit they receive from the sheriff to the Department of Revenue for the issuance of an endorsement.
Any permit fees required for a concealed carry endorsement are waived for applicants who are disabled veterans.
Current law provides that firearms safety instructors may only have 40 or fewer students in the classroom portion of the training required for a concealed carry permit. This act specifies that firearms safety instructors may not have more than 40 students per certified instructor in the classroom.
These provisions are identical to provisions of CCS2/SS/SCS/HCS/HB 1439 (2014), the truly agreed to and finally passed CCS/HCS/SB 656 (2014), the truly agreed to and finally passed SS/SB 745 (2014), and SS/SCS/HB 1539 (2014).
UNLAWFUL POSSESSION - Section 571.070
Under the act, a person commits the offense of unlawful possession of a firearm if the person is illegally in the United States.
This provision is identical to a provision of SB 744 (2014).